Te whakahāngaitanga o Te Tiriti o Waitangi – Te Tiriti articles in practice

It is vital for tangata Tiriti organisations, and anyone working for or on behalf of the Crown – that is, all those in the kāwanatanga sphere – to understand what honouring Te Tiriti means in practice.

This expression of the articles of Te Tiriti has been developed collectively by tangata whenua and tangata Tiriti experts and leaders across a range of fields. It supports us to move away from Crown-defined “principles” and to honour Te Tiriti o Waitangi, the te reo Māori text agreed to by rangatira and the Crown.

To apply Te Tiriti in our day-to-day work means:

  1. Kāwanatanga: honourable governance for mutual benefit
    Our processes, actions, decision-making and delivery of services are informed and shaped equally by tangata whenua and tangata Tiriti worldviews and perspectives. We work in partnership with tangata whenua.
  2. Tino Rangatiratanga: Māori self-determination/sovereignty
    We recognise the importance of tangata whenua authority and autonomy. We take active steps to support tangata whenua-led processes, actions and decision-making through the sharing of power and resources.
  3. Ōritetanga: equity for Māori
    We undertake specific actions to ensure equitable outcomes for tangata whenua.
  4. Wairuatanga: upholding belief systems
    Tangata whenua worldviews, values and wairuatanga are respected in our work.

These statements can also be posed as questions to prompt planning and action specific to your organisation.

  1. Kāwanatanga: honourable governance for mutual benefit
    How are our processes, actions and decision-making informed and shaped by both tangata whenua and tangata Tiriti worldviews and perspectives? How are we working in partnership with tangata whenua?
  2. Tino Rangatiratanga: Māori self-determination/sovereignty
    How do we recognise the importance of tangata whenua authority and autonomy? What active steps are we taking to share power and resources, and to support tangata whenua-led processes, actions and decision-making?
  3. Ōritetanga: equity for Māori
    What specific actions are we undertaking to ensure equitable outcomes for tangata whenua?
  4. Wairuatanga: upholding belief systems
    How do we ensure tangata whenua worldviews, values and wairuatanga are respected in our work?
  5. Evaluation
    How are we monitoring and evaluating our work to uphold Te Tiriti o Waitangi?

Click here to download this information (pdf)

Published by Groundwork: Facilitating Change, 2021
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 New Zealand License